Europe, EU, EEA, EFTA, Council of Europe, Convention 108 - which countries are in which? - Venn diagram (as at 23 October 2016)
The Venn diagram and associated table of countries below are intended to help navigate the alphabet soup relating to Europe and groupings of European countries, ie the intergovernmental organisations (or international governmental organisations, IGOs) that are the EU, EEA, EFTA, Council of Europe and signatories to the CoE's Convention 108. A key and usage notes are below the table.
EEA, EU, EFTA, Council of
Europe - Venn diagram (larger
(NB not exactly to scale; see table at end listing individual countries)
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Macedonia (former Yugoslav Republic of)
Moldova (Republic of)
also the Notes
at the end):
108 = countries where Convention 108 for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data is in force.
CoE = Council of Europe (not including countries with observer status such as Vatican City/Holy See - see Notes at the end). In all CoE countries (except for San Marino), Convention 108 is in force.
EFTA = European Free Trade Association = Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland
EEA = European Economic Area
EU = European Union
Europe = the continent, with countries as listed by Wikipedia
The Venn diagram above should be straightforward to interpret
example, (top right) the Council of Europe (CoE, in orange) has 47
member countries; the orange rectangle encompasses of those countries,
which comprise the 14 countries listed in the table (after the diagram)
under "14", the 4 EFTA countries in the red rectangle and (under the
red "1" and "3") in the table, the 28 EU
countries shown in the table under "28 (EU)" and the 1 country under
the orange "1" in the table. Similarly, Europe has 50
countries (bottom left, blue), comprising the
14 countries in the table, 1 + 3 EFTA countries, the 28 EU countries
and also 1 country (orange "1") plus the 3 more countries (3 in black
the bottom left of the diagram)
listed in the table under "3" as Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City.
Another example: the countries listed in the table
under "14" are members of Europe, Convention 108 and CoE, but
not the EFTA, EEA or EU. The 3 blue countries are part of
Convention 108, but not the CoE or Europe.
Conversely, you can search the table for a country's name, find the heading which it's under (eg 28, or 14, or red 1), find that heading (eg 14) in the diagram, and check whether that country is a part of Europe/EEA etc, by seeing which of the coloured rectangles that heading sits within. For example, Switzerland is under the red 1 heading in the table. Looking at the diagram, the red 1 is within the red rectangle (EFTA), also orange (CoE), turquoise (108) and blue (Europe), but not in the pink (EEA) or green (EU) rectangles. So this means Switzerland is a member of EFTA, CoE, 108 and Europe, but is not a member of the EEA or EU.
You may include this diagram/table in
your own non-commercial work as long as you credit me, Kuan, and
include a link to
this webpage, because they are
licensed under a Creative
Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 UK: England &
Wales License. (Contact
if you wish to use them commercially - eg you can't sell the
diagram on T-shirts or mugs etc without my permission!)
This information is up to date as at 23 October 2016, so does not take
account of countries joining or leaving any of these groupings after
that date. While the diagram produced with the online tool seems to
have been proportional, my diagram, which includes 6 sets of countries
(the tool only goes up to 4), was designed for clarity and ease of use
rather than proportionality, and because of my manual additions and
changes may not be fully proportional.
some think "Europe" includes Greenland (though Wikipedia doesn't
Council of Europe - as well as the member countries above (14 + 1 + EFTA + 28), the Council of Europe includes 6 observer countries: Canada, Holy See (ie Vatican City), Israel, Japan, Mexico, United States of America
Other country groupings where all or many members are European countries:
= Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg (all in the EU)
Nordic Council = Denmark, Faroe Islands (in the North Atlantic), Finland (including the Ňland islands), Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden
G8 = Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russian Federation, United Kingdom and the United States of America
OECD (most members are from Europe, by a whisker) = Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, IsraŽl, Italy, Japan, Korea, Latvia, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States
For some other common acronyms for international organisations
or groupings of countries whose members are not
Europe, see - APEC,
G20, and UN.
For a Venn diagram relating to UK, Great Britain, British Isles etc, see Wikipedia.
I generated the first cut of the Venn diagram with this free online tool, then edited the resulting diagram and table manually to add EFTA, remove zero counts, thicken lines, match up colours to text, etc. The result is not exactly to scale.
Last updated: 23 October 2016.